Selection of Current Conservation Projects (Overview)
The sustainable use of natural resources in KwaZulu-Natal
has grown exponentially in the past 40 years and now
generates both substantial income and a significant
number of jobs.
This ranges from non-consumptive use such as photography,
hiking and wilderness trails to the consumptive use
of plant and animal resources for, among other things,
hunting, the capture and sale of live game, to the production
of curios and traditional medicines.
commercial and private
In support of the use of natural resources, Ezemvelo
KZN Wildlife has produced a series of technical manuals
to help private and commercial landowners to manage
their land and its resources to maximise the benefits
to both biodiversity and sustainability.
To access any of these resources, visit
our website here
|B: Alien Invasions
in Protected Areas and the community
What impact are invasive alien plants having
on Ezemvelo protected areas?
Over 9 000 species of alien plants can be found within
|| To date, 198 of these species
have been legally defined as alien invader
||These species are non-native,
non-indigenous, foreign or exotic and have
the ability to spread naturally (without
the direct assistance of people) in natural
or semi-natural habitats.
|| Invader plant species produce
a significant change in terms of composition,
structure, or ecosystem processes.
|| From a nature conservation
perspective, the mere presence of an alien
invader plant species is a threat.
||A recent survey showed that
close to half of all Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife’s
(Ezemvelo) Protected Areas (PA’s) are
invaded by invasive alien plants.
||34% of the areas infested,
or just over 109 000 hectares, are receiving
||Due to lack of funding, the
remaining hectares await treatment.
What is an alien species?
Alien species refer to any animal or plant, or any other
type of organism that is introduced to a new area through
the accidental or deliberate actions of humans, but
which are not necessarily invasive.
This definition excludes the natural migration of native
species to new areas due to environmental changes or
Over 2 000 people are employed annually from communities
surrounding protected areas.
||The programme ensures employment
is based on 60% females, 2% disabled and 25% youth
(18 – 35 years old).
||Only one person per household is
employed and preference is given to single headed
households or households affected by HIV/Aids.
||It is important for Ezemvelo to develop people around protected areas,
sending them on various training courses and teaching
them various skills depending on the need in a
Clearing operations are mostly funded by the Department
of Agriculture and Environment Affairs: Invasive
Alien Species Programme.
Ezemvelo is currently looking into other possible funding
options to fund the shortfall.
In order to address the
current infestation in all protected areas:
||Ezemvelo would require R60 million
per annum for the next 10 years. Currently DAEA
provides R30 million per annum.
||Conservatively estimated, invasive
alien plants spread at a rate of 5% per annum.
Should clearing of the current infestation be
delayed by 10 years, it would increase the cost